Ahmad Rifai Sarraj, Fida El-IT and Farah Ayoubi
Self-Talk, Emotions and Motor Performance: A Mini Review
Advances in Complementary and Alternative Medicine | Volume 7 - Issue 3 | 2022
People, including athletes, talk to themselves every day. Self-Talk (ST), which is also referred as self-statement, inner voice, inner dialogue or speech, self-communication, covert speech, private or silent speech, self-directed verbalizations, verbal thinking, and verbal mediation, is a cognitive intervention that proved its effectiveness in sport. ST intervention has been shown to enhance motor performance with a moderate effect size. ST shows a better effect on the fine motor tasks than gross motor tasks, and new skills than well-learned skills. However, Underlying mechanism of this technique and how it can improve motor performance remains unclear. This mini review summarizes findings about ST, its categories, and suggested mechanisms. More comparative investigations between the different types of ST are needed to finish the controversy of which and when a type is more effective than another.
Keywords: Self-talk; Sport; Motivation; Emotions; Motor performance; Physiotherapy; Brain; Neuropsychology