Mohamad Bachar Ismail, Nesrine Zarriaa, Marwan Osman, Safa Helfawi, Nabil Kabbara, Abdel Nasser Chatah, Ahmad Kamaleddine, Rashad Alameddine, Fouad Dabboussi and Monzer Hamze


Prevalence of Latent Tuberculosis Infection among Patients Undergoing Regular Hemodialysis in Disenfranchised Communities: A Multicenter Study during COVID-19 Pandemic

Medicina 2023, 59, 654. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina59040654

Abstract: Background and Objectives: Due to their weakened immune response, hemodialysis (HD) patients with latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) are at higher risk for active tuberculosis (TB) disease and are more subject to patient-to-patient transmission within dialysis units. Consequently, current guidelines advocate screening these patients for LTBI. To our knowledge, the epidemiology of LTBI in HD patients has never been examined before in Lebanon. In this context, this study aimed to determine LTBI prevalence among patients undergoing regular HD in Northern Lebanon and to identify potential factors associated with this infection. Notably, the study was conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic, which is likely to have catastrophic effects on TB and increase the risk of mortality and hospitalization in HD patients. Materials and Methods: A multicenter cross-sectional study was carried out in three hospital dialysis units in Tripoli, North Lebanon. Blood samples and sociodemographic and clinical data were collected from 93 HD patients. To screen for LTBI, all patient samples underwent the fourth-generation QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus assay (QFT-Plus). Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to identify the predictors of LTBI status in HD patients. Results: Overall, 51 men and 42 women were enrolled. The mean age of the study population was 58.3 ± 12.4 years. Nine HD patients had indeterminate QFT-Plus results and were therefore excluded from subsequent statistical analysis. Among the remaining 84 participants with valid results, QFT-Plus was positive in 16 patients, showing a positivity prevalence of 19% (95% interval for p: 11.3%, 29.1%). Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that LTBI was significantly associated with age [OR = 1.06; 95% CI = 1.01 to 1.13; p = 0.03] and a low-income level [OR = 9.29; 95% CI = 1.62 to 178; p = 0.04]. Conclusion: LTBI was found to be prevalent in one in five HD patients examined in our study. Therefore, effective TB control measures need to be implemented in this vulnerable population, with special attention to elderly patients with low socioeconomic status.


Keywords: latent tuberculosis infection; hemodialysis; QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus assay; Lebanon


منشورات ذات صلة
Droits d'auteur UL2020. Tous les droits sont réservés. Conçu & développé par Mindflares. ©